Standardization is the process of creating standardization documents, by which are understood the following:
- Standards – documents containing an agreement about a product, a service or a process;
- Technical specifications – documents that prescribe technical requirements to be fulfilled by a product, process or service;
- Codes of practice – documents that describe practices or procedures for the design, manufacture, installation, maintenance or utilization of equipment, structures, products;
- Regulations – documents providing binding legislative rules that is adopted by an authority,
- Technical regulations – regulations that provide technical requirements.
Depending on the object of a standard the following types of standards can be distinguished:
- Basic standard – standard that has a wide ranging coverage or contains general provisions for one particular field;
- Terminology standard – standard presenting terms, usually accompanied by their definitions;
- Testing standard – standard presenting methods and provisions for carrying out testing’;
- Product standard – standard specifying what requirements certain products should meet;
- Process standard – standard specifying what requirements should be met by a process to establish its fitness for purpose;
- Service standard – standard specifying what requirements should be met by services.
Depending on the geographical reach of a standard there are also:
- International standards – standards adopted by an international standardizing organization, e.g. ISO (International Organisation for Standardisation),
- European standards – standards produced under the mandate from European organizations, e.g. the European Commission (EC) or from the European Free Trade Association (EFTA),
- National standards –standards adopted by national standards bodies.
Thus, the following standard designations in Lithuania:
LST Lithuanian standard
LST EN Standard drafted at European level and added to the Lithuanian stock of standards
LST ISO standard drafted at international level and added to the Lithuanian stock of standards.
There are also further designations of international standards used in Lithuania:
ISO/TR Technical report published by the ISO
CEN/TR Technical report published by the CEN
ISO/TS Technical specification published by the ISO
CEN/TS Technical specification published by the CEN
CWA CEN Workshop Agreement
IWA International Workshop Agreement
The standardization work is to a large extend delegated to the Technical Committees, whose members represent various industrial sectors and are obliged to follow the following principles of standardization:
- Involvement – all interested parties are involved in the drafting process of a standard to later achieve the broadest possible acceptability of the document;
- Openness – the standardization process is open for participation of all interested parties;
- Transparency – all drafting stages are public;
- Consensus – in order to approve the final draft of a document as a standard, a consensus must be reached between interested parties.
On the whole, standards make our everyday life easier and have a lot of benefits e.g. they increase the safety of products, contribute to the removal of technical barriers to trade and protection of the environment and many others. Thus, it is advisable to use them although it is not obligatory.
Customers of our department who want to analyze the standards of their interest are welcome to visit our e-shop or our library at 30 T. Kosciuskos St, room 315.